Skip to content

70+ Fishes That Start With P

    Fishes That Start With P

    This article is about fishes that begin with “P”. The first paragraph introduces the topic and the second paragraph provides background information.

    There are many different types of fish in the world, but did you know that there are also many different types of fish that begin with the letter “P”? Some of these fish include the piranha, the pufferfish, and the clownfish.

    The piranha is a freshwater fish that is native to South America. It is a carnivorous fish that is known for its sharp teeth and its ability to strip flesh from its prey. The pufferfish is a saltwater fish that is found in tropical and subtropical waters around the world. It is the second most poisonous vertebrate in the world and is known for its ability to inflate itself when it feels threatened. The clownfish is a saltwater fish that is found in the warm waters of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It is a popular fish due to its orange and white stripes, which are similar to those of a clown.

    Fishes That Start With The Letter P

    Pufferfish, piranhas, and parrotfish are just a few of the many types of fish that start with the letter “P.” Pufferfish are perhaps the most well-known of these, thanks to their unique ability to inflate themselves into a spherical shape when threatened. Piranhas, on the other hand, are known for their sharp teeth and voracious appetites. Parrotfish get their name from their brightly-colored scales, which resemble the feathers of a parrot.

    All of these fish are native to different parts of the world. Pufferfish can be found in tropical waters across the globe, while piranhas are typically found in South American rivers. Parrotfish, meanwhile, tend to live in coral reefs in warm ocean waters. Each type of fish has its own unique diet and habitat preferences. Pufferfish, for example, feed on small invertebrates like crabs and shrimp. Piranhas, on the other hand, are mainly carnivorous and will eat just about anything they can get their teeth into. Parrotfish primarily graze on algae and other plant matter.

    Whether you’re an amateur fish enthusiast or a seasoned aquarist, there’s sure to be a type of fish on this list that piques your interest. So next time you’re at the pet store or looking through a fish catalog, be sure to keep an eye out for these fascinating creatures that start with the letter “P.”


    The Pangasius is a freshwater fish native to the Mekong River basin in Southeast Asia. Pangasius are also known as river cobbler, Vietnamese river cobbler or swai. The Pangasius is a large, elongated, predatory fish with a long, flat head and toothless jaws. They have a long, cylindrical body with a dark brown or greyish coloration and a white belly. Pangasius can grow to a length of 1.8 m (6 ft) and a weight of up to 100 kg (220 lb).


    Pangasius are found in the Mekong River basin in Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam. They inhabit freshwater lakes, rivers, and floodplains. Pangasius are omnivorous and feed on crustaceans, insects, and small fish.

    Pangasius are an important food fish in Southeast Asia. They are typically fried or grilled and are often used in curries and soups. Pangasius are also exported to other parts of the world, including Europe and North America.


    The pufferfish is a species of fish found in fresh and brackish waters around the world. Pufferfish are also known as blowfish, balloonfish, or swellfish. Pufferfish are characterized by their ability to inflate themselves with water or air when threatened. This is done by swallowing water or air and expanding their stomachs. Pufferfish can grow to a length of 30 cm (12 in) and a weight of 1 kg (2.2 lb).


    Pufferfish are found in tropical and subtropical waters around the world. They are often found in reefs and estuaries. Pufferfish are carnivorous and feed on small invertebrates.

    Pufferfish are considered a delicacy in Japan, where they are known as fugu. Pufferfish must be carefully prepared before they are eaten, as they contain a toxins that can be fatal if ingested.


    The plecostomus is a species of freshwater fish native to South America. Plecostomus are also known as plecos, suckermouth catfish, or algae eaters. Plecostomus are characterized by their long, tube-like mouths, which they use to suck up algae from rocks and other surfaces. Plecostomus can grow to a length of 50 cm (20 in) and a weight of 4 kg (9 lb).

    Plecostomus are found in rivers and streams in South America. They are also found in the aquarium trade. Plecostomus are omnivorous and feed on algae, plants, and small invertebrates.


    Plecostomus are popular aquarium fish due to their ability to control algae growth. Plecostomus are also used as food fish in some parts of South America.


    The perch is a species of freshwater fish native to Eurasia and North America. Perch are also known as freshwater perch, river perch, or lake perch. Perch are characterized by their elongated, spiny bodies and two dorsal fins. Perch can grow to a length of 40 cm (16 in) and a weight of 1 kg (2.2 lb).


    Pacific Albacore

    Pacific Albacore

    The Pacific albacore (Thunnus alalunga) is a sleek, migratory fish that roams the vast expanse of the Pacific Ocean. Reaching up to 4 feet in length and weighing around 80 pounds, this tuna is a powerful swimmer, thanks to its streamlined body and crescent-shaped tail. Its metallic blue back and silvery belly provide camouflage in the open water, where it hunts for mackerel, sardines, and squid.

    Read:  7 Fishes That Start With U

    Albacore are known for their long journeys, covering thousands of miles across the ocean each year. They utilize ocean currents and temperature changes to find the best feeding grounds, making them a valuable indicator of ocean health. These fish are also commercially important, prized for their tender, flavorful flesh. Sustainable fishing practices are crucial to ensure healthy albacore populations for future generations.

    Fascinating Facts about Pacific Albacore:

    • Albacore can swim at speeds of up to 40 miles per hour!
    • Their warm-blooded muscles allow them to maintain a constant body temperature even in cold ocean depths.
    • They have a unique jaw structure that allows them to expand their mouths to swallow large prey whole.

    Pacific Cod

    Pacific Cod

    The Pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus) is a bottom-dwelling fish found in the icy waters of the northern Pacific Ocean. These stocky fish, typically around 2-3 feet long and weighing 10-20 pounds, have olive-green backs and pale bellies that blend in with the seafloor. They use their barbels to sense food on the seabed, munching on worms, crustaceans, and smaller fish.

    Pacific cod are incredibly adaptable and play a vital role in the North Pacific ecosystem. They are a vital food source for numerous predators, including seals, seabirds, and other fish. Commercially, cod is a highly valued fish, used in a variety of dishes from fish and chips to chowder. Responsible fishing practices are necessary to ensure sustainable cod populations for future generations.

    Did you know?

    • Pacific cod can live up to 20 years!
    • They have a swim bladder that allows them to control their buoyancy and stay at their desired depth.
    • Their eggs are released into the water and drift freely until they hatch, ensuring widespread distribution of the species.

    Pacific Viperfish

    Pacific Viperfish

    The Pacific viperfish (Chauliodus macouni) is a truly remarkable creature that inhabits the dark depths of the North Pacific Ocean. These slender fish, reaching up to 1 foot in length, are named for their large, fang-like teeth and bioluminescent photophores lining their body. These lights act as lures, attracting prey closer before the viperfish strikes with lightning speed.

    Viperfish are masters of camouflage, possessing ultra-black skin that absorbs light, making them virtually invisible in the darkness. This adaptation allows them to ambush prey while remaining undetected by predators. Their diet consists of other deep-sea creatures, including squid, shrimp, and even smaller fish.

    The Viperfish’s Unique Features:

    • Their bioluminescent lures can be switched on and off at will, allowing them to control their prey attraction.
    • Their large, hinged jaws can expand to swallow prey much larger than themselves.
    • Their incredible adaptations to the harsh deep-sea environment make them a fascinating example of deep-sea life.



    The paddlefish (Polyodon spathula) is a prehistoric-looking fish found in the Mississippi River basin of North America. Reaching up to 7 feet in length and weighing over 200 pounds, it’s the largest freshwater fish in North America. Its most striking feature is the long, flat paddle-like snout that extends from its head. This paddle is packed with sensory cells that help it detect tiny zooplankton, its primary food source.

    Paddlefish are filter feeders, meaning they strain water through their gills to capture plankton. They can filter up to 200 gallons of water per hour, making them vital for maintaining the health of freshwater ecosystems. Sadly, due to overfishing and habitat loss, paddlefish are now endangered. Conservation efforts are underway to protect these ancient giants and ensure their survival for future generations.

    Paddlefish Facts for Kids:

    • Paddlefish can live up to 50 years!
    • Their paddle can grow up to 3 feet long, almost half their body length!
    • They are bottom feeders and use their paddle to stir up the sediment, making it easier to catch plankton.

    Pancake Batfish

    Pancake Batfish

    The pancake batfish (Platax orbicularis) is a flat, disc-shaped fish found in tropical coral reefs around the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Reaching up to 2 feet in diameter and weighing around 4 pounds, it resembles a pancake with fins. Its flattened body and cryptic coloration help it blend in with the seafloor, camouflaging it from predators and prey alike.

    Pancake batfish are omnivores, feeding on algae, small invertebrates, and plankton. They use their suction-like mouths to suck up food from the seabed. They are also nocturnal, spending the day hiding in crevices and emerging at night to feed.

    Fun Facts about Pancake Batfish:

    • Pancake batfish can change their color to match their surroundings!
    • They have small, pointed teeth used for scraping algae and detritus off rocks and coral.
    • They are solitary creatures and rarely interact with other fish.

    Paradise Fish

    Paradise Fish

    The paradise fish (Macropodus opercularis) is a small, colorful fish native to Southeast Asia. Typically reaching around 3 inches in length, they come in a variety of vibrant colors, including red, blue, and green. Males have long, flowing fins that they use to display during courtship. Paradise fish are popular aquarium fish due to their beauty and hardiness.

    In their natural habitat of rice paddies and slow-moving streams, paradise fish are carnivores, feeding on insects, worms, and small crustaceans. They are also known to be bubble nest builders, creating floating nests of bubbles where the female lays her eggs. The male then guards the nest until the eggs hatch.

    Read:  35+ Fishes That Start With F

    Paradise Fish Facts for Kids:

    • Paradise fish can breathe air using a special organ called a labyrinth lung.
    • They are territorial and will fight other males for mates and territory.
    • They are relatively easy to care for in an aquarium, making them good beginner fish.



    Living true to its name, the pearlfish (Enchelyopus lucasi) is a miniature marvel found in the Indo-Pacific Ocean. Reaching a mere 6 inches in length, this slender fish boasts iridescent scales that shimmer like pearls. But its most fascinating feature is its symbiotic relationship with bivalves like clams and oysters.

    The pearlfish acts as a living alarm system for its host. Its keen eyesight allows it to detect predators, and it communicates the danger to the clam by nudging its shell with its snout. The clam, in turn, provides the pearlfish with a safe haven and leftover food particles. This mutually beneficial partnership allows both creatures to thrive in the challenging coral reef environment.

    Pearlfish Facts for Young Explorers:

    • Pearlfish can squeeze into the smallest crevices and even burrow into the mantle of their host bivalve.
    • They have specialized teeth that can crack open the shells of dead bivalves to access food.
    • Some species of pearlfish even clean and groom their host, further strengthening their symbiotic bond.

    Pearl Perch

    Pearl Perch

    The pearl perch (Spondylolithus cinereus) is a stunning fish that adds a splash of color to coral reefs in the Indo-Pacific Ocean. Reaching up to 18 inches in length, this beauty flaunts a shimmering silvery-pink body adorned with orange stripes and blue spots. Its dorsal fin, shaped like a plume, adds to its elegant appearance.

    Pearl perch are expert climbers, using their pectoral fins and rough scales to navigate the vertical surfaces of coral reefs. They are omnivores, feeding on small fish, shrimp, and algae. Their sharp eyesight and quick reflexes make them skilled hunters, often snatching their prey with a swift snap of their jaws.

    Pearl Perch Fun Facts for Kids:

    • Pearl perch change color as they mature, starting off with bright yellow stripes as juveniles.
    • They are mouthbrooders, meaning the female carries fertilized eggs in her mouth until they hatch.
    • Their scales are covered in a layer of slime that helps them protect themselves from predators and parasites.

    Pencil Catfish

    Pencil Catfish

    The aptly named pencil catfish (Corydoras paleatus) is a small, social fish found in the freshwater rivers and streams of South America. Reaching a maximum length of 2 inches, its slender, elongated body resembles a pencil. Its whiskers, also known as barbels, extend from its snout and help it navigate the murky waters by sensing food and obstacles.

    Pencil catfish are peaceful scavengers, feeding on detritus, algae, and the occasional insect larva. They use their barbels to sift through the substrate, unearthing tasty morsels and playing a vital role in maintaining the cleanliness of their aquatic environment. Additionally, their peaceful nature makes them popular choices for community aquariums.

    Pencil Catfish Facts for Young Aquanauts:

    • Pencil catfish are schooling fish and prefer to live in groups of at least 6 individuals.
    • They have a lifespan of around 10 years, making them relatively long-lived aquarium fish.
    • They are sensitive to water quality, so ensuring clean, well-oxygenated water is crucial for their health.

    Pilot Fish

    Pilot Fish

    The pilot fish (Naucrates ductor) is a small, silvery fish with a fascinating claim to fame: it’s the ocean’s resident guide, known for its symbiotic relationship with larger marine animals like sharks and rays. Reaching around 12 inches in length, pilot fish sport a distinctive black vertical stripe on their bodies, making them easily recognizable as companions to their larger counterparts.

    Their partnership is mutually beneficial. Pilot fish enjoy the protection and leftover food scraps from their hosts, while the sharks and rays gain from the pilot fish’s keen eyesight and agility. These nimble fish can scout for food sources and potential dangers, leading their hosts to safe feeding grounds and warning them of approaching predators.

    Pilot Fish Facts for Curious Explorers:

    • Pilot fish can swim alongside sharks at speeds of up to 25 miles per hour!
    • Some scientists believe pilot fish can “clean” parasites and dead skin from their hosts, further strengthening the bond.
    • They are found in tropical and subtropical waters around the world, often accompanying sharks like mako sharks and tiger sharks.



    The pipefish (Syngnathus sp.) is a slender, elongated fish that lives up to its name, resembling a narrow pipe with a long, protruding snout. Reaching up to 18 inches in length, these masters of camouflage come in a variety of colors and patterns, often blending seamlessly with their surroundings like seaweed or coral. This skill is crucial for survival, as pipefish are slow swimmers and vulnerable to predators.

    Pipefish are ambush predators, using their long snouts to suck up small crustaceans and zooplankton. They are also unique in their reproductive system. Male pipefish have a pouch on their abdomen where the female lays her eggs. The male then fertilizes the eggs and carries them until they hatch, a fascinating role reversal in the animal kingdom.

    Pipefish Fun Facts for Budding Biologists:

    • Some pipefish species exhibit sexual dimorphism, with males being larger and more colorful than females.
    • They are found in tropical and temperate waters around the world, often inhabiting shallow coastal areas like seagrass meadows and mangroves.
    • Their elongated snouts are not just for feeding but also for breathing, as they absorb oxygen through the skin lining their snout.
    Read:  50+ Fishes That Start With A



    The platyfish (Xiphophorus maculatus) is a small, colorful freshwater fish that brings a splash of life to any aquarium. Reaching around 2 inches in length, these beauties come in a wide range of colors and patterns, including red, orange, yellow, and blue. Their fins can also be adorned with vibrant stripes and spots, making them truly eye-catching.

    Platyfish are peaceful and social fish, thriving in community tanks with other compatible species. They are omnivores, readily accepting flakes, pellets, and even live food like brine shrimp. Their easy-going nature and adaptability make them popular choices for beginner aquarists.

    Platyfish Facts for Aquarium Enthusiasts:

    • Platyfish are livebearers, meaning they give birth to live young instead of laying eggs.
    • Males have a modified anal fin called a gonopodium, which they use to fertilize the female internally.
    • They are relatively hardy fish and can live for up to 5 years with proper care.

    Pygmy Sunfish

    Pygmy Sunfish

    Dive into the vibrant world of freshwater ecosystems, and you might just catch a glimpse of the pygm sunfish (Elassoma sp.), a miniature marvel that lives up to its name. Reaching a maximum length of just 1.5 inches, these tiny fish are a wonder of nature, showcasing dazzling colors and intricate patterns despite their size. Their bodies typically shimmer with shades of red, blue, green, and orange, often adorned with stripes, spots, and even iridescent markings.

    Pygmy sunfish prefer the tranquility of slow-moving streams and shallow ponds, often found amongst dense vegetation. They are incredibly agile swimmers, maneuvering effortlessly through their watery havens. These miniature predators feed on zooplankton, insect larvae, and tiny worms, utilizing their keen eyesight and quick reflexes to snatch their prey.

    Here are some fascinating facts about pygm sunfish to share with your young fish enthusiasts:

    • Super Small: Some pygmy sunfish species are among the smallest vertebrates on Earth, with the swampfish holding the record at a mere 0.5 inches!
    • Sex Roles Reversed: In a twist on the usual, female pygmy sunfish are larger and more brightly colored than the males. They even take the lead in courtship!
    • Egg Cradling Dads: Male pygmy sunfish care for the fertilized eggs by cradling them in their mouths until they hatch, showcasing a unique paternal trait.



    Meet the prowfish (Zaprora silenus), a master of disguise in the coral reef kingdom. Reaching up to 15 inches in length, these cunning fish utilize their remarkable mimicry skills to blend seamlessly into their surroundings. Their elongated bodies and flattened bellies resemble branches or twigs, allowing them to camouflage themselves amongst coral and seaweed. But their deception doesn’t stop there.

    Prowfish can also adjust their coloration to match their environment, further enhancing their camouflage. This masterful disguise serves two purposes: protection from predators and a sneaky advantage while hunting. Prowfish are ambush predators, using their camouflage to lure unsuspecting prey within striking distance before snapping them up with their quick mouths.

    Here are some intriguing facts about prowfish to spark your audience’s curiosity:

    • Chameleon Champions: Prowfish can change their color within minutes, mimicking not only the colors of coral and algae but even the patterns of specific fish species!
    • Stealthy Stalkers: Their flattened bodies and slow-moving approach allow them to get incredibly close to their prey before launching their attack.
    • Solitary Hunters: Unlike many other fish, prowfish prefer a solitary lifestyle, relying on their individual mimicry and hunting skills for survival.



    Imagine a fish that transforms into a spiky ball when threatened. That’s the porcupinefish (Diodontidae sp.) for you! These unique fish, ranging in size from a few inches to over two feet, boast a remarkable defense mechanism that makes them virtually untouchable when danger arises. When stressed or frightened, porcupinefish can inflate their bodies with water, swallowing air and puffing out their numerous sharp spines. This prickly transformation makes them unpalatable and difficult for predators to swallow, often deterring potential attacks.

    While their spiky exterior is their most eye-catching feature, porcupinefish also possess potent toxins within their bodies. These toxins, primarily concentrated in their internal organs, serve as an additional deterrent to predators. However, it’s important to remember that handling these fish can be dangerous due to the potential toxicity, so it’s best to admire them from afar.

    Here are some fun facts about porcupinefish to engage your young learners:

    • Inflatable Defenses: Porcupinefish can expand their bodies up to three times their original size during inflation, creating a formidable spiky sphere.
    • Toxic Treats: The toxins within their bodies are potent enough to paralyze or even kill some predators, making them well-protected underwater.
    • Variety of Spines: Different porcupinefish species have different types and arrangements of spines, adding to their visual diversity.

    74 Fishes Beginning With P

    Pacific albacorePacific cod
    Pacific hakePacific herring
    Pacific lampreyPacific salmon
    Pacific sauryPacific trout
    Pacific viperfishPaddlefish
    Pancake batfishPanga
    Paradise fishParasitic catfish
    Peacock flounderPeamouth
    Pearl danioPearl perch
    Pelagic codPelican eel
    Pelican gulperPencil catfish
    Peppered corydorasPerch
    Peters’ elephantnose fishPickerel
    PigfishPike conger
    Pike eelPike
    PilchardPilot fish
    Pink salmonPíntano
    PirarucuPirate perch
    Plownose chimaeraPoacher
    Pompano dolphinfishPonyfish
    Popeye catalufaPorbeagle shark
    Port Jackson sharkPowen
    Prickly sharkProwfish
    PupfishPygmy sunfish


    This article is about fishes that begin with “P”. The first paragraph discusses the different types of fishes that begin with “P”, and the second paragraph provides information on how to care for them.

    There are many different types of fishes that begin with the letter “P”. These include the piranha, the pufferfish, and the swordfish. Each of these fishes has different care requirements, so it is important to research the specific needs of the fish you are interested in before purchasing it. With proper care, these fishes can make great additions to any aquarium.


    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *